[UPSC Prelims Focus] Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA)

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Context:

  • The government of Philippines has suspended plans to cancel the Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA), a deal that is important to Washington’s moves to counter Beijing’s rising regional power.


About VFA:

  • What is it?
    • A visiting force agreement (VFA) is an agreement between a country and a foreign nation having military forces visiting in that country.
    • VFA spells out the rulesguidelines and legal status of the U.S. military when operating in the Philippines.
  • The VFA also affirms the 1951 Mutual Defense Treaty as well as the 2014 Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement — agreements that enable the U.S. military to conduct joint exercises and operations in the Philippines.
  • The Philippine Senate ratified the VFA in 1999.